Smoking is a bad habit which may lead to fatal diseases like lung cancer, pneumonia, and many more. It is challenging to break the smoking habit. But when it comes to the health of the little one yet to enter the world, the practice may prove dangerous. According to a new study, smoking one cigarette per day during pregnancy doubles the risk of an unexpected death of the baby. The researchers studied over 20 million births, inclusive of around 19,000 sudden infant deaths. Thus if women avoid smoking during pregnancy, it would save lives of 800 infants per year. The research, published in the journal Pediatrics on Monday, examined data on smoking during pregnancy.
They used the birth/infant death data set for the period 2007-2011 offered by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. After studying the data, researchers discovered that the risk of death increases by 0.07 for every additional cigarette. The study details, more than 3,700 U.S. infants die every year due to sleep-related problems. Researchers say it includes SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome), or accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed and many more. Thus they reveal there’s a link between smoking and the increased risk of these deaths. They often call it a Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID).
The study warns, if a woman smokes a whole pack a day during pregnancy, the risk of SUID increases three times. As per the research, the women who reduced their smoking by the third trimester resulted in risk reduction by 12%. Whereas, the women who quit had risk decreased by 23%. Whereas, the mothers who were smokers before pregnancy imposed a higher risk of SUID that non-smoker mothers. Dr. Cedric “Jamie” Rutland, pulmonologist and a national representative for the American Lung Association, said the fundamental fact of the research is even one or two cigarettes may result in sudden infant death. Study’s leading author, Tatiana Anderson, says every cigarette counts here. Dr. Anderson said doctors could use this information to guide pregnant women about their smoking habits better. The researchers expect counseling women about the SUID risk will decrease the death rate of babies due to smoking.